Perspective on Etiology and Treatment of Bipolar Disorders in China: Clinical Implications and Future Directions

Zuowei Wang 1 • Chen Jun 2 • Keming Gao 3,4 • Haichen Yang 5  • Yiru Fang 2,6,7

1 Division of Mood Disorders, Hongkou District Mental Health Center, Shanghai 200083, China2 Division of Mood Disorders, Shanghai Mental Health Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200030, China

3 Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA

4 Mood and Anxiety Clinic in the Mood Disorders Program of the Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA

5 Department of Mood Disorders, Shenzhen Mental Health Centre, Shenzhen 518003, China

6 CAS Center for Excellence in Brain Science and Intelligence Technology, Shanghai 200031, China

7 Shanghai Key Laboratory of Psychotic Disorders, Shanghai 201108, China